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The Connection Between Articulation Development and Reading Difficulties

Articulation refers to the ability to produce speech sounds accurately and fluently. Reading, on the other hand, involves decoding written symbols and understanding their meaning. While these two skills may seem unrelated, there is a significant connection between articulation and reading difficulties. In this blog post we will explore the relationship between articulation and reading difficulties, highlighting how difficulties in speech production can impact a child's reading development.

1. Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness is the ability to identify and manipulate the individual sounds parentheses phonemes parentheses and spoken language. It is a critical skill for reading development. Children with articulation difficulties often struggle with phonological awareness, as they may have difficulty distinguishing between similar sounds or blending sounds together. For example, a child with difficulty producing the “R” sound may struggle to differentiate between the words, “car” and “cat”, leading to challenges in decoding and reading comprehension.

2. Letter Sound Correspondence

The ability to connect letters to their corresponding sounds is crucial for reading fluency. Children with articulation difficulties may face challenges in associating specific speech sounds with their corresponding letters. For instance, a child who has difficulty producing the “S” sound may struggle to recognize and use the letter “S” in reading and writing tasks. This lack of letter sound correspondence can hinder their ability to decode words accurately and affect their overall reading fluency.

3. Vocabulary Development

Articulation difficulties can impact a child's vocabulary development, which in turn, affects reading comprehension. When a child has difficulty producing certain sounds, they may avoid using or mispronounce words containing those sounds. As a result, their exposure to a wide range of vocabulary becomes limited. Limited vocabulary can lead to difficulties understanding written texts, as they may encounter unfamiliar words or struggle to comprehend the meaning of words that they have heard, but not accurately articulated.

4. Confidence and Engagement

Children with articulation difficulties may experience a lack of confidence in their communication abilities. This lack of confidence can extend to their reading skills as well. When a child consistently struggles with speech sounds, they may become hesitant to participate in reading activities, fearing judgment, or embarrassment. This reluctance can impact their engagement with reading materials and limit their opportunities for practice and improvement.

5. Intervention and Support

Early intervention is crucial for addressing articulation difficulties and preventing potential reading difficulties. Speech language pathologists play a vital role in assessing and providing therapy for children with articulation challenges. By targeting speech sound production and phonological awareness skills, therapy can help improve the foundation necessary for successful reading development. Additionally, incorporating strategies like explicit instruction, multi-sensory approaches, and targeted practice can help children in connecting speech sounds to print and enhance their overall reading skills.


Articulation and reading difficulties share a close relationship, as difficulties in speech sound production can impact various aspects of reading development. Recognizing and addressing articulation challenges early on is key to preventing potential reading difficulties and supporting A child's overall literacy development. Collaborative efforts between speech language pathologists, educators, and parents can provide the necessary intervention and support to help children overcome these challenges, build confidence in their communication abilities, and become proficient readers. By understanding the connection between articulation reading difficulties, we can work towards creating inclusive learning environments that empower all children to achieve their fullest potential.

1 Comment

Jul 13, 2023

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